Stroke: It Happens in an Instant

Mom what’s wrong? My arm… I’m gonna call 9-1-1. My mom, yes, she’s having a hard time moving her right arm we think she’s
having a stroke thanks to a class rosie had taken
she knew that sudden weakness and numbness in her arm are signs of a
stroke during evaluation paramedics may ask if you are experiencing any other
common stroke symptoms because Rosie is a female and over 55 years old she is at
a higher risk for stroke in general and as a result has taken steps to manage
her modifiable risk factors which are diabetes and high blood pressure now that Rosie is in the emergency room
the stroke care team will go over her medications and medical history identify
the last time she was completely normal review the assessment by EMS and perform
a head-to-toe assessment including a focused neurologic exam additional tests
will be ordered to confirm how best to proceed common tests include blood work
and a CT scan which is what Rosie’s doctor has ordered the two main types of
stroke are ischemic and hemorrhagic ischemic strokes are the most common and
are the result of a blood clot or plaque blocking blood flow to an area of the
brain hemorrhagic strokes occur when blood leaks into the brain tissue or
around the brain Rosie it looks like you’re having an ischemic stroke but
because you recognize the symptoms called 911 got here so quickly we’re
able to use a clot-busting medicine called TPA to try to break that blood
clot up and restore blood flow to your brain like any medicine we use there are
risks and the biggest risk is bleeding but given your history the kind of
stroke you’re having and how quickly you got here I think you’re a very good
candidate for the medication are you okay with us going ahead and giving you
that medicine to try to stop this stroke yes there are also other methods
available for the treatment of ischemic strokes such as mechanical thrombectomy
which can be used to remove the clot if Rosie had a hemorrhagic stroke
medication to lower her blood pressure or surgery maybe treatment options
following her initial treatment Rosie will be closely monitored for at least
the next 24 hours in the hospital her medical team will begin to evaluate the
reasons why she had a stroke and make recommendations for needed follow-up
care most stroke survivors will followup with their primary care provider and a
neurologist after a stroke many will need some therapy to aid in the recovery
process with help of common therapies including physical therapy occupational
therapy and speech-language therapy improvements can still happen even two
years after a stroke it is important to keep in mind that even
quick action and excellent medical care stroke can be a life-threatening medical
event knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke calling 9-1-1 and telling the
operator that you suspect a stroke can all make a considerable impact on your
outcome because when it comes to stroke every second counts too easily remember
how to spot a stroke remember fast f is for face does one
side of the face droop a is for arms does one arm drift downward S is for
speech is their speech slurred or strange and t is for time if you observe
any of these signs it is time to call 9-1-1 immediately remember stroke is an
emergency be sure to educate yourself about stroke now and know that you can
take steps to manage your stroke risk making lifestyle changes such as
healthier eating habits increasing your physical activity and quitting use of
tobacco can all make a big difference if you have medical risk factors taking all
your medications as prescribed by your provider and going for regular check-ups
are key to reducing your risk for a stroke be sure to take steps to reduce
your risk for stroke today

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